Old City of Dubrovnik
After his visit to Dubrovnik, the Irish writer George Bernard Shaw wrote: “Those who seek paradise on Earth should come to Dubrovnik and see Dubrovnik”
Today, the city walls tour and walking through the old town streets are one of the biggest tourist attractions. This ancient and untouched place sends a picture of the city, which is recognized in the world, and makes Dubrovnik the most beautiful city on the Mediterranean. The ramparts encompass the city in an irregularly shaped polygon, with Fort Minčeta at the highest northwestern landward corner of the city and with Fort St. Johns on the southeastern seaside.
City of Dubrovnik is unique in the world due to its impressive medieval fortresses, churches, monasteries and palaces, and it is often called the pearl of the Adriatic. Strong forts, such as Fort Lawrence at Pile and Fort Revelin at Ploče, are also part of the defence system, even though they are separated from the ramparts. The ramparts are 22 metres high in places, and from 4 to 6 m. thick on the landward side and from 1-1/2 to 3 m. thick on the seaside. In front of the main wall on the mainland side is an outer wall with 10 semi-circular bastions, in front of which used to be a moat. The main wall has 14 quadrangular and 2 circular towers, 2 angular fortifications and 4 bastions. During the turbulent times the city of Dubrovnik was defended with about 120 cannons from the city walls
Strolling through this picturesque town visitors feel like they are in theater on a truly special performance. The cannons were made in local workshops, which Dubrovnik was known for. There are two main entrances to the city through which the residents maintain contact with the outside world. On the west side of the city are well protected Gate from Pile (gate that you come through if you are coming from Pile), and to the east are the Gate from Ploče (gate that you come through if you are coming from Ploče). One of the most significant parts of this Mediterranean trade center and maritime town is the city port, where there are two doors leading into the city, Gate from Ponate and the fish market Gate.