Šibenik was founded by Croats more than 1000 years ago and it’s the oldest native Croatian town on the eastern shores of the Adriatic. There are various interpretations of the origin of name Šibenik, most of them citing Juraj Šižgorić with the legend about the city surrounded by thick shrubbery (Croatian ”šibe”).
Šibenik is located in central Dalmatia, in a charming and vivid bay where the river Krka flows into the Adriatic Sea. River Krka is strikingly beautiful by itself, quite probably the most attractive karst river of Croatia. This ancient town of rich heritage is nested in a naturally well protected harbor, distinguished by unique hills on northern side of the bay and surrounded by fortresses of St. Mihovil, St. Ivan and fortification Šubićevac. Šibenik holds special significance in Croatian history since it’s the only larger coastal town not founded by Romans or Greeks but is of native Croatian origin.
Today, this jewel of Croatian heritage is home to 52.000 residents.
The city of Sibenik
The city of Šibenik is most renowned for many churches in old city complex, they are really on just about every corner. Most of them have been repurposed as museums, galleries and other public spaces. Historic city center is built in stone, with extremely tight and winding streets with many staircases and arched passages. Rich heritage is best visible while navigating small plazas and numerous historic monuments of the city.
Historic city center and main city square is a UNESCO protected world heritage site dominated by magnificent St. James cathedral. Built entirely of stone, it’s the most important architectural monument of the Renaissance in Croatia. Cathedral together with surrounding churches, city hall, and palaces forms one of the most distinguished city squares of Croatia.
Natural beauty of Šibenik region is stunning, two national parks are in close vicinity of Šibenik city – world renowned river Krka falls and jewel of the sea Kornati archipelago. Two more national parks are in the same county; National park Paklenica site of special beauty for alpine climbers and National park Plitvicka jezera that’s proudly featured on top 5 list of most beautiful nature parks of Europe.